The purpose of an interview is to determine the match between you as a prospective employee and the employer. It is the interview that gets you the job.
This process focuses on three areas:
- Are you qualified? Do you have the necessary skills and experience to do the job?
- Do you seem motivated? Are you a self-starter or do you need constant monitoring? Will you come to work on time, every day and with a positive work attitude?
- Are you "suited" to the job and to the organization? What kind of person are you? Will you fit in with the existing staff and with the "corporate culture?"
The employer will use the interview to get answers to these three major questions. This means that you should focus on answering these three questions to prove that you are qualified, motivated, and well suited for both the job and the organization.
TYPES OF INTERVIEWS
- INITIAL OR SCREENING INTERVIEWS: help the interviewer reduce the number of applicants for a job to the top few candidates.
- HIRING INTERVIEWS: usually take place after applicants have passed the initial screening interview. Sometimes the employer skips the screening stage altogether. Hiring interviews are generally more in-depth, often involve more than one interviewer at a time, or are made up of a series of conversations with different interviewers.
- TELEPHONE INTERVIEWS: frequently used by employers to screen candidates. Speak warmly and professionally in response to the interviewer's screening questions.
- INDIVIDUAL INTERVIEWS: the most common type; typically one hour meetings in an interviewer's office or small conference room.
- GROUP INTERVIEWS: groups of people in the selection process participate in the interview. Some of these people may be potential co-workers; others are usually supervisors.